List Of Places To Visit In Samarkand
Samarkand is one of the oldest cities in the world. Almost the same period as Istanbul, 700 BC was founded. After being captured by Alexander the Great, he met the Silk Road. It became an important trade center between China and the Mediterranean.
Samarkand still lives the Silk Road. Every market in the city and every place is silk. Even in the most historical buildings of the city, something is constantly being bought and sold. A place of choice for Europeans who want to buy high quality and affordable silk.
Samarkand was destroyed in the Mongol invasion. It was rebuilt in the time of Timur. Many of the historical buildings we saw today were built during this period. During the reign of Timur’s grandson Uluğ Bey, Samarkand became a center of science, culture and trade.
Samarkand was included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List in 2001 with its thousands of years of historical heritage.
Places to visit
It is the most visited place of Samarkand. Day and night is always crowded and colorful.
Registan is a square surrounded by three magnificent buildings on three sides. I’ve never seen another example of this. These structures; Uluğ Bey Madrasah, Tillya-Kari (Gold Plated) Madrasah and Sher-Dor Madrasah.
Registan was built as a center of art and commerce before the Mongol invasion. Today, there are many shops in the madrasas that produce handicrafts and sell local goods.
Uluğbey Madrasa – A university that dates back to the Middle Ages and includes departments such as mathematics, astronomy and physics as well as religious science. Uluğ Bey himself teaches mathematics here. Uluğ Bey’s close friend Ali Kuşçu is among those who teach at the madrasah. The shapes in the mosaics on the upper panel of the entrance door of the madrasah represent stars.
It is opposite the Şir-Dor madrasa or Aslanlı Madrasa – Uluğbey Madrasa and has almost the same architecture. The mosaics on the upper panel of the entrance door depict a lion hunting a cub deer, a sun born on the lion’s back, and a human image in the sun. The madrasa takes its name from this lion figure.
Şir-Dor madrasa or Aslanlı Madrasa – Uluğbey Madrasa It is opposite the and has almost the same architecture. The mosaics on the upper panel of the entrance door depict a lion hunting a cub deer, a sun born on the lion’s back, and a human image in the sun. The madrasa takes its name from this lion figure.
Tillya-Kari or gold-plated Madrasa-this was the most striking structure in the madrasas in the region. Its dome and the decorations on the walls were magnificent. Once Upon a time, this place was used to surprise visitors with its luxury and richness.
Uluğ Bey Observatory
It is the largest space observation station of the Middle Ages. This cylinder-shaped structure was one of the largest observatories of the Middle Ages. He used it in the calculation of the coordinates of the sun, moon and other planets. 1018 stars were identified in the catalogue, which was prepared at the time when there were no telescopes and was named Uluğbey Zij. This work has also been used by many Western researchers, and has been a very useful resource in laying the foundation for modern space studies.
Bibi Hanım Mosque
It is the largest mosque in Central Asia. The huge entrance door was impressive. I’ve never been through a door this big.
It was built by Timur’s wife Bibi Hanım. Timur seferdeysen Bibi Hanım built a mosque of this size to surprise his wife.
Gur Emir Mausoleum
The Gur mausoleum contains the tombs of Timur and his descendants. The largest tombstone belongs to Timur’s teacher, Mir Said Baraka. Timur was buried under his teacher’s feet, and Uluğbey was buried under his grandfather’s feet. Mausoleum
The tomb, made of jade stone and broken in the middle, belongs to Timur. According to the rumor, the Shah of Iran, Nadir, after taking Bukhara, removes the jade stone from the tombstone of Timur and takes it to Mashhad. One day, Nadir dreams of Timur’s teacher, Mir Said Baraka. As soon as the Shah, who is very afraid of this dream, gets up, he sends the jade stone where he has it. The stone that falls into the river on the way is divided in two.